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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, SCIENCE AND - Volume 7, Issue 4 (3) , April 2018 (Special Issue FBSA)

Pages: 120-124
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A Cattle Pathogen Mycoplasma bovis : A Review

Author: Sonali Saha* Gargi Saha Kesh**

Category: Engineering, Science and Mathematics


Mycoplasma bovis was first isolated in the USA from the milk of a mastitic cow in 1961. It is the most important pathogenic bovine mycoplasma mainly causing pneumonia, arthritis, mastitis. The organism is usually transmitted by close and repeated contact over short distances; untreated infected milk can also be a source of infection to calves. Transmission may also be via shedding of the pathogen through external mucosal surfaces of an infected animal. They are quite resistant to environmental conditions thus, can transmit through fomites and milking equipments. Classically diagnosis was depended on the use of selective culture media and prolonged incubation in an environment enriched with CO2. Recently, some alternative to culture methods, like, PCR based techniques have evolved. Disease associated with M. bovis is often chronic, enfeebling, and poorly responding to antimicrobial therapy. Thus this cattle born disease causes significant economic loss. Till now, vaccines for M. bovis are unavailable. So, the remaining approaches to control these infections are sanitary control measures and antimicrobial treatment. The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge regarding the clinical signs of the diseases caused by M. bovis . Various diagnostic approaches used in detection of M. bovis, the prevention and the controlled measures are discussed.

Keywords: Mycoplasma bovis; Cattle; Diagnosis; PCR; Antibiotics.